How will these resources help you?
The Nazi persecution of Jews is rightly familiar to secondary-age children. But Hitler’s ‘racial state’ also turned the apparatus of state oppression against other sections of society – those that did not contribute to ‘the strengthening of the National Community’. Along with vulnerable groups such as people with physical and learning disabilities, the Nazis had a particular hatred for male homosexuals, not least because they were unlikely to contribute to the high birth rate required to expand the Nazi’s Aryan population. The exact number of gay men murdered by the Nazis, either directly or in the camps, is unclear, but it amounted to thousands, perhaps even hundreds of thousands. Gay women were not persecuted to the same extent, partly because of the subordinate role of women in the Nazi state, and as such they could still, in theory, provide the state with children.
Understanding the topic
The Pink Triangle: The Nazi War Against Homosexuals
by Richard Plant, published by Holt Paperbacks, (1988), 9780805006001
Branded by the Pink Triangle
by Ken Setterington, published by Second Story Press, (2013), 9781926920962
An Underground Life: Memoirs of a Gay Jew in Nazi Berlin
by Gad Beck (translated by Allison Brown), published by University of Wisconsin Press, (2000), 9780299165048
The Dark Valley: A Panorama of the 1930s
by Piers Brendon, published by Pimlico, (2001), 9780712667142
Nazis: A Warning from History - The Gestapo
published by BBC, (1997)
Text © Paul Dowsell, 2020.